The two most common species of rat are the black rat and the brown rat. Both species of rat are found in all parts of the world.
The rat is generally found in small, dark places and is thought to have originated in Asia before migrating across countries and being accidental passengers on human voyages. The rat is now one of the most widely spread and adaptable animals in the world.
The rat is a small scavenger mammal that has proved to be a pest in both urban and rural areas where rats are normally present due to an abundance of food.
Rats are known to kill smaller livestock on farms, and there is the myth that you are only ever 5ft away from a rat at anytime.