Job is the physical or mental work that a person does in this capitalistic sistem with the propose of earn money. Some people work because of this reason, to earn the money to survive, pay the bills, rent and buy what they need.
Other people think about their jobs as the meaning of their existance and they do it with pleasure. Nowadays, the job is one of the most important activities that regulate the human life.
Types of Jobs
There are many ways to clasify the jobs according to different characteristic. The most well known types of jobs are:
Not qualified jobs
To do this kind of jobs, no education is needed. Any person can do it but the ones with more experience or the ones more keen to do it has more chances of get a job like that. An example will be a factory job.
Semi qualified jobs
To do it, the person must have some knowledge about an specific subjet. He/she needs to learn an specific hability to get this type of job. An example will be a carpenter.
To have a qualified job, the person needs to have an study, knowledge or exhaustive preparation that make him/her an specialist in the subject. An example will be a doctor.
This jobs are for a certain period of time, and when the time or the production is over, the job finish. Some temporary jobs are seasonal jobs for example, the fruit picking. Some fruits grows and are ready to be picked in some month of the year, and ones everything is taken, the job is done.
Full time jobs
Full time jobs are the types of jobs that people does around 40 hours a week, and demands full atention and time.
Part time jobs
Part time jobs are jobs that involve less hours and give to the person more time to fulfill other activities, such child caring.
Social media or social network is a very popular concept nowadays, and is becoming more and more popular. They are online communication plataforms where people can interact using the available tecnology such us smart phones, tablets and computers.
There are many different types of social media with diverse proposed. Those tools are not only useful because allows people to comunicate in a different, unlimited way, but also can be use in an educational and informational way.
Types of Social Media
The most popular types of social media are Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, linkedin, among others.
This website was created by Mark Zuckerberg in February 2004, with the help of his Harvard roommates Dustin Moskovitz, Chris Hughes. Eduardo Saverin and Andrew McCollum. At the beginning was a social network only for Harvard students, but then it has become worldwide known.
In Facebook, you create your own profile with a picture and a descritpion of yourself and you can share all kind of things such pictures, information, activities, events with your friends, the ones you have accepted or added as your “friends”.
It allows people to stay in touch, chat and share information. It can be useful to stay in contact with people all over the world but sometimes it helps to the gossip and the distribution of unpleasant information.
Twitter is a social network that consist on send and read “tweets” (short messages no longer than 140 characters). Everybody can read those message but only users can post them.
It was invented by Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Biz Stone, and Noah Glass in 2006. Lots of politicians and artists love to use it.
Instagram is about sharing pictures and videos with people in the social network as twitter and facebook. It was created by Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger in 2010.
Linkedin created in 2002 is a very useful social media in the business world.
Ocean is the earth surface ocupated by the seawater. The oceans are around 4000 millons years old and are divided by big land extentions call continents. There are 5 types of oceans in the planet earth.
This ocean in about 200.700.000 square kilometers. Is the biggest ocean of the planet earth. It extends approximately 15,000 km from the Bering Sea in the Arctic north to the banks of the Ross Sea in Antarctica.
This ocean has around 25.000 islands, more islands that all the other oceans together, and most of this island are located below of the Ecuator line. The lowest point of the earth surface is located in this ocean.
This ocean has about 106.400.000 square kilometes and divide America, Europe and Africa. It extends from the Artic, in the north, to the Antartic, in the south. The Ecuator line divides it in two parts, North Atlantic and South Atlantic.
It is the second ocean in extention, after the Pacific ocean, covering about the 20% of the Earth’s surface. The maximum width of the Atlantic varies from 2,848 km between Brazil and Liberia to 4,830 km between the United States and the north of Africa.
Is about 3.556.000 square kilometers. Is the third ocean of the world, after the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean, and covers around 20% of the Earth’s surface.
It is located between the south of Asia and the Antarctica, from north to south, and located between Africa and Australia, from east to west.
This ocean is around 10.000 km wide between Australia and the south of Africa. The volume of this ocean is estimated at 292 131 000 cubic kilometers.
This ocean is about 20.327.000 square kilometers. It extends from the Antartic coast to the latitude 60 below the Ecuator line, and is the limit with the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean. Is the number four in extention and surrounds for completely the Antarctica.
Is about 14.090.000 square kilometers, is the smaller ocean of the planet. Surround the North Pole and extends from the north of Europe, Asia and Americ
A seller is the person in charge of trading products, those products can be made or bought to resell. There are different types of sellers, depending on the product and the way used to put it on the market. The most popular are: wholesalers, retailers, technical sellers, internet sellers and street sellers.
Types of Sellers
This type of seller buy bulk products, in large quantities, straight from the leader companies, and is in charge of reselling them at a higher price to retailers, and they will fix the final price for consumers.
This type of seller is responsible for the direct sale to public. They buy from the wholesalers, the products that they want to sell, fix a competitive price for the market, and want to obtain a profit between the different of the wholsalers’s price and the final price for consumers.
This type of seller are also called engineers sellers. They are responsible sales that require a specific knowledge of the products. Is easy to find this type of sellers in some business, like computing. This products can’t be sell by someone without knowledge in the subjet.
This type of sellers have appeared with the boom of the Internet and the increasing use of the networks and social media. They use websites and platforms to offer their products to a massive number of people, trying to reach potencial buyers.
The most important attribute that they need to have is the ability to generate a trustful enviroment in order to attract more buyers. Ebay and Amazon are very famous website full of internet sellers.
This type of seller has the difficult task of selling their products on the street. The more popular things sold are artesanal food, vegetables, fruit and handmade products, easy to transport and sell. They normally offer competitive price because they are free of taxes.
Types of Clouds – How small indeed, when gazing up at a towering raincloud or fast-moving wisps lit by the morning sun, do we feel when watching clouds in the sky? Humanity has always made a hobby, a pastime and science of these puffy white giants, which can be so beautiful and innocuous, or harsh and punishing.
While in reality, there are as many different kinds of clouds as the forces of nature can conjure, meteorologists have created a classification system to group the many types based mainly on height and appearance.
As you can imagine, even in this attempt to structure something as nebulous as a cloud, there are many classifications and sub-classifications. This article will shed some light on the major types.
What is a cloud?
Before getting into the types of clouds, it’s worth taking some time to explain what a cloud actually is. The simplest way to describe a cloud is that it’s the manifestation of water suspended in the earth’s atmosphere.
As part of the earth’s water cycle of evaporation, condensation and precipitation, clouds are the middle part, when droplets or frozen crystals are held in the air.
Warmth evaporates water from bodies of water on the surface, the warmed vapor travels up, and when it cools sufficiently, clouds become visible.
Amount of vapor, airflow and temperature determine the type of cloud, and once there is enough water trapped, precipitation happens.
Depending on the movement of the cloud, due mostly to differences in hot and cold currents of air, altitude, and density of water, we get the main different types of clouds.
The types of clouds that produce weather in our atmosphere are called tropospheric clouds, in that they form in the troposphere, the lowest layer of the atmosphere.
There are also clouds that form in the higher levels of the atmosphere – the mesosphere and the stratosphere. But we are mostly referring to tropospheric clouds when we talk about the different types we observe in the sky, and that’s what we’ll refer to here.
Main Types of Clouds
The first set of classifications refers to the general appearance of clouds, based on the behavior of the water suspended in the air.
They are grouped into three main categories, with Latin derived names that translate to how the layman could describe them in their most basic forms.
When combined with other characteristics or categorized by altitude, these basic forms take on prefixes that describe the more specific category of cloud within each main type. The three types are:
The Latin translation is “heap” or “pile,” describing clouds that build into tall vertical heaps due to upward growth as a result of convection, or the movement resulting from hot air rising and cold air falling.
These clouds are generally described as puffy or like cotton. Basic cumulus clouds are early stages of cloud life and usually low in the atmosphere, later transforming into other types of clouds.
This means, “layer,” and describes just that type of appearance, layered sheets of clouds. Stratus clouds in their most basic description are uniform blankets of clouds, mostly shapeless and sometimes giving off a light rain or drizzle.
This translates to “curl of hair” and refers to clouds that form wispy strands in the sky. In the most basic form, cirrus clouds look almost like you took a huge paintbrush and drew a few strokes across the sky. They exist very high in the atmosphere as white shoots or tufts of condensation and do not give off any precipitation.
A fourth main Latin term used in cloud classification is “nimbus.” This description is the most literal, as nimbus means, “rain,” and the term is added to other cloud names to indicate they are a variant that produces precipitation (although not limited to rain). Unlike the other three, there is no basic nimbus cloud, as the term is paired with other cloud types, such as cumulonimbus.
Further Classification – Types of Clouds, Categorized by Altitude
Beyond these four classifications, there are many other prefixes and sub-classifications that can be added on to further describe cloud types.
The other main way to divide up clouds, however, is by altitude—how high they are. Here are the ten main types of clouds, categorized by altitude.
High Altitude Clouds
See above. Cirrus clouds are the most common type of high cloud. These are the wisps of clouds streaked across the sky. They are so high up they are almost entirely made up of ice, create no precipitation, and usually are visible on a nice day when the lower atmosphere is clear.
With cirrus the wispy category, and stratus the thin layer cousin that exists at lower altitudes, it won’t be surprising that cirrostratus is similar in appearance to both. This type is basically a cirrus cloud that looks more like a stratus cloud, so more of a widespread wispy layer, like a veil.
This category is similar to the first two, but more solid in appearance so the clouds appear as a field of very small puffs. They appear in small lumps that form in rows across the sky, like ripples in a choppy lake. A sky full of these clouds is sometimes called a “mackerel sky” because it resembles the scales of a fish.
These clouds form in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, but larger than cirrocumulus clouds higher up. The clouds are medium-sized puffs that are a combination of gray and white and form in groups.
If you ever looked up at the sky as a kid and picked out shapes of other objects in the clouds, they were probably altocumulus.
Like altocumulus, this variety is made up entirely of water droplets, but do not produce significant amounts of rain. They are gray or blue-gray in appearance and may appear to be watery or fuzzy around the sun or moon. They look a bit thicker or puffier than the lower stratus clouds.
See above. This type is a low, uniform layer of clouds across the sky.
Hybrids of thick stratus and puffy cumulus. When you look up and see a wide field of chunky clouds, clumped together and having thin and thick parts, those are stratocumulus. They are grey, but can create some beautiful cascades of color during a sunset.
Low, dark gray clouds that often will fill the entire sky and produce rain or snow. Days that are socked in with dark, dense, rainy skies have nimbostratus clouds.
Clouds with Vertical Growth
Also known as “Fair Weather Cumulus” these are large, white puffs of cotton floating across the sky. They are sort of your stereotypical cloud shape, the kind a child might draw, with a large flat base and puffy or jagged edges.
These clouds have grown from rising drafts of warm air, and are bigger than your fist when held up at arm’s length to compare.
The big guys. These are everyone’s favorite, right? Monstrous towering clouds that grow from strong drafts of warm air, then balloon out like a mushroom or anvil at the top.
Also known as thunderheads, these can grow to 40,000 feet or higher, and produce heavy rain, hail or snow. Cumulonimbus clouds can occasionally spawn a tornado.
The “Other” (Weird) Clouds
Those are the main types of clouds you’re likely to see in the sky on any given day, but again, there’s a wide range of possibilities. There’s a whole set of “unusual clouds” that don’t fit into any of the main categories and may form out of other odd phenomena than your daily weather patterns.
For example, contrails are long streaks across the sky, resembling tails. These are formed by the exhaust from jet engines, which in high enough altitudes turn into ice crystals and form these “condensation trails” or contrails.
Mammatus clouds appear on the undersides of cumulonimbus clouds, and are commonly described as “drooping” or “pouch-like.” They look a bit like bubbling water when it’s at a rolling boil.
And finally, just in 2009, a new type of cloud was named by the Cloud Appreciation Society, and if approved will be the first new formation added in more than 50 years – the Undulus Asperatus.
These are dark and stormy clouds that undulate along the bottom in big, menacing waves or ridges. They are somewhat rare, but appear in the Plains states of the U.S.
The breakfast is the first meal of the day and is consumed as soon as we wake up. It is consider one of the most important meal of the day because it will provide us with the energy that we need to start the new day.
Most of the doctors recommend a powerful and complete breakfast, a moderate lunch and a small dinner, based on the energy that we need during the day.
Nowadays, due to the life’s rush, some people skip this important meal so they can be at work on time, and this routine is considered very harmful for the body.
Types of Breakfast
There are different types of breakfast with very different ingredients and they are linked with a region.
The most common types of breakfast are: American breakfast, Continental breakfast, Asian breakfast and English breakfast.
This kind of breakfast is consider a powerful breakfast and it always include meat or bacon, fried or boiled eggs and toast, and also can include milk, yogurt, cereal and some fruits. Is a very common breakfast in the United States.
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It normally includes toast with jam and butter, orange or fruit juices, tea or coffee with or without milk and some fruits. Is a light breakfast in compare with the powerful American Breakfast.
Kids prefer chocolate milk and muffins. It is a classic breakfast around Europe and in some parts of South America.
It normally has rice and seafood, so is almost like any food of the day. It can include soup and vegetables. It is a hot dish.
It is often acompanied with tea (can be green tea, depend on the region) or ice tea or coffee, in the very hot areas of Asia.
One of the favorite dishes in some places in Asia is lobster. Lobster can be an appetizer or an ingredient for variations of your favorite recipe. Learn more about lobsters.
It is very similar than the American breakfast, less oily or fried, but very complete and powerful at the same time.
The definition of trash, also known as garbage, waste or rubbish, is all those unwanted, useless or toxic materials that needs to be thrown away. In many countries, there are specific places where trash can be disposed.
Nowadays, due to the high levels of trash that humans being produced, most of the countries (specially the undeveloped ones) are having a lot of problems. The conciousness about this problem is becoming more popular and there are some new treatment of trash.
Types of Trash
There are many different ways of classify the types of trash, but the most well known are organic, inorganic and recycling.
The organic materials are all those biological waste that were part of the nature. This kind of trash is the less dangerous and can be desintegrate per ser. In this category we can add, for example, death animals, plants, seeds, rests of food.
The inorganic materials are the ones that are product of an industrial or not natural process, such us plastic, clothes, electronic stuff, etc.
The recycling materials are the ones that we can re-use after a procedure in which the old, used material is transformed in a useful and new product. For example, papel, cardboard, glass, plastic.
Among this types of trash, we can mention another very important kind that we should care, the dangerous waste
Those are all waste, from biological or industial origin, that are a threat for the enviroment. This kind of waste must be treated in a different and special way in orden to reduce they potential damage.
Some examples of this kind of trash are corrosives, acids, radioactive materials and infectious medical waste. The people involve in this kind of trash must be very careful and the desitions about what to do with them must be in charge of competent profesionals.
The economic activities are those activities that include production, distribution, and consumption of goods. The people involve in the economic activities are in charge of suppling the domestic and the foreign markets .
With the labor’s division in the Industrial Revolution, more different areas have appeared and the economic activities has been specialized more and more.
Also, with this revolution, the specializations has appeared among the countries, the poor and undevelopped countries, known as Third World, are in charge of the production the raw materials, when the developed and industrialized countries are the producers and sellers of the products to the whole world.
Types of Economic Activities
There are three different types of economic activities: primary sector, secondary sector and tertiary sector.
They are the first link in the produccion. They are in charge of extracting the raw materials from the nature, they work with the natural resources.
Normally, the salaries are not good and the profit is distrivuited among a very small group of people. This type of economic activities is composed of agriculture, mining, among others.
This type of economic activities are the industrial activities. They are in charge of transforming the raw materials into products ready for sale.
They use expensive machinery to transform the natural resources in valuable stuff for the market. This type of economic activities include the production of food, beverages, textile, chemical, petroleum, among others.
This type of economic activities is responsible for the distribution of the product and the selling activity. It include important areas such us marketing. In this sector we can find different activities such us trade and media.
Trade:Trade is in charge of the distribution and marketing of the products that are produced in the first two activities.
Media: This include print, television, radio. They are in charge of the promotion of products and services.
A company is an organization or institution that use different productive resources, like money capital, immovables and human force to achieve their own profits. A company offers services or goods in a specific market with the purpose of obtain a benefit, often a economic one.
Every company is composed of human,technical and material elements that allow the achivement of goals and objectives. We can find different size of companies, depending on the size of the business.
There are large companies like Coca Cola, that handle a huge amount of people, resource and money, meddium companies, like local brands of products, and small companies, that can be handle by a person in his own house.
Types of Companies
Companies can be classified in various ways, depending on the criteria chosen, in this case we will choose the size of the company. The more popular different types of companies in this case are: small companies, medium companies and large companies.
In this type of company, the number of people involved is often low. They dont have a large amount of resource and capital, but they find their way to survive and compete with others.
It can be also handle by only one person, who is in charge of all the tasks like finance, sales, production and administration.
In this type of company the number of people involve is significantly higher than the small company, it has to be at least a hundred of people. They have more resource and it is divided in areas and sections with different tasks.
This type of company has a huge human capital, because is normally composed by thousands of workers. They have massive sales and millions in profits, a very large amount of capitals and money. These companies have large facilities, sophisticated operation systems and advanced management.