Do you have an interest in freshwater ornamental fish? What kind of ornamental fishes that you have? Well, as a ornamental freshwater fish lovers, i’m sure that you were familiar with Betta fish.
Originally from southeast Asian, Betta fish have been spread all over the worlds and have their fanatic fans worldwide.
Types of Betta Fish
These are the most Frequent Kinds of Betta fish:
1. PLAKAT BETTA FISH
Originating from Thailand, Plakat Betta fish is identic with the combating Betta and closely related to wild Betta.
The most distinguishable appearance is the short-tailed caudal fin. Some people might believe that Plakat are actually females since they have fins and tails.
Well, male Plakat usually display elongated ventral fins, a rounded caudal fin and a sharply pointed anal fin. Plakat are easy to take care, resistant to fin rot disease and will not bite their fins unlike long tails Betta.
2. CROWNTAIL BETTA FISH
As it’s name implies, the tail is the thing that makes this Betta unique. The most distinguishable appearance from this type is the “spiky” appearance. In standard show, crowntail Betta have to be minimum 33% reduction in webbing.
Sometimes, it could be quite full and sometimes it could be dramatically reduced, so only the rays are left. Crowntail Betta could be divided into double ray, single ray and crossed ray. The last one is the most expensive and the most desirable to buy.
Crowntail Betta are more aggressive compared to the other Betta type and it’s also difficult to take care of.
The water must always be clean since they are vulnerable to some diseases. For your information, sun bathing this Betta for an hour could help their rays straight and healthy.
3. DOUBLE TAIL BETTA FISH
As it’s name implies, this Betta have two tails caused by certain genetic trait. Double tails can be seen combined with Plakats, crowntails and halfmoons.
Related to the certain genetic trait that cause double tails, these gene also related to shorter body and broader dorsal and anal fins.
The double tails type are rare to be seen and have much higher price. These type are more prone to swimblader problem, difficult to take care of, more susceptible to fin disease and have low survival rate.
4. COMBTAIL BETTA FISH
This Betta is a cross of Crowntail and another Betta type. They still gets the shape of a crowntail with some extended rays on all fins to varying degrees, but the difference between the fin rays and the webbing is not significant.
5. ROSETAIL BETTA FISH
Rosetail Betta is halfmoon betta which has an extra branching in the fin rays, especially caudal fin, which allow the caudal fins to spread more than 180o.
This excessive branching gives the fin a rose-like appearance, an unique appearance.
This type could be obtained by selective breeding with certain mutation. But, this mutation in other hand, could make this Betta type more susceptible to certain diseases.
6. VEILTAIL (VT) BETTA FISH
Veil tail Betta, often abbreviated as “VT” Betta, are the most common Betta type in the pet stores. This Betta has a long anal and dorsal fin but droops drown from the caudal peduncle.
Because of their excessive breeding in the pet store market, they are little underappreciated by Betta breeders and were banned to enter any Betta Contest.
Despite of it’s bad acceptance in the Betta Breeders community, i think that this Betta still looks georgeous. Their tail were like broad-leaved plant Abubias and their various colors were also stunning.
7. HALFMOON (HM) BETTA FISH
Maybe, this type is the most popular among Betta Breeder community. The most recognizable appearance is the formation of full 180 degree spread when it’s flared, forming a “D” shape with straight edging.
Yeah, as you can see from the picture, those flared fins literally looks like a perfect “halfmoon”.
Despite of this georgeous looking, this type are prone to tail-biting and fin damage. They also need an extra care since easily drained out by dragging their fins.
An incorporation of water plant will provide them a suitable place to hide and rest. And the last, this Betta are pretty much expensive in the local shop.
8. DUMBO BETTA FISH
Judge by it’s name, you maybe think that how could Betta have an ear? Smile, just kidding . If another Betta type distinguish by it’s caudal, dorsal and anal fins, Dumbo Ear Betta most distinguishable part is in it’s pectoral fins.
An extra-large pectoral fin give a looks as the ear of elephant from front view. Sometimes, these fins can be matching to it’s body colour but sometimes contrasting. This Betta could be accompanied by halfmoon tail, rosetail or crowntail.
Due to it’s super selective breeding program, the price for this Betta also pretty much expensive. And, these Betta also need an extra care since these betta are prone to tail-bitting or fin damage and some fish diseases.
9. DELTA TAIL BETTA FISH
A delta tail is similiar to halfmoon fin but the tail does not reach 180 degrees when flared. Delta tails also different with Veil Tails.
If you drew a line from it’s nose to the caudal fin tips, Delta Tail would have an equal amount of fin on both the top and below whereas Veil Tail would have little tail at the top and the majority at the below.
Another distinguishable appearance from Delta tail is a triangular-shaped caudal fin.
10. SUPER DELTA (SD) BETTA FISH
From it’s name, you could say that Super Delta is a better version of Delta tail. The major difference is in it’s fins when they flared. Super Delta tail will reach between 120-170o, but it will never reach 180o as a halfmoon.
11. THE SPADE TAIL BETTA FISH
This Betta type are rare to be found. The most distinguishable appearance is it’s very clear spade-shaped in their caudal fin. Their caudal fin base are large, but then narrows smoothly to a single point.
12. THE ROUND TAIL OR FANTAIL BETTA FISH
The round tail be imagined to a plakat with larger round-shaped caudal fin. Some Breeder say that they were similiar with halfmoon, but there is one distinguishable appearance.
Halfmoon must posses a “D’ shaped caudal fin and in other hand, this Betta could not attain that form.
13. THE FEATHER TAIL BETTA FISH
This Bettta is an extreme version of Halfmoon, having an excessive branching of the rays which giving the tail a “ruffled” looks with a huge amount of branching.
A feather tail are prone to tail bittiing due to their excessive fins and usually less active than other Betta type.
14. THE GIANT BETTA FISH
As implied by it’s name, the Giant Betta have a giant body compared to normal Betta. When normal Betta only grow up to 5 cm, Giant Betta may exceed 15 cm in body size. This could be attain by certain gene manipulation by selective breeding.
This Betta was fisrst developed in 1999 in Thailand. This type have expected live span up to 5 years. Despite their giant body, this Betta are prone to bacterial diseases and parasitic infection. If
You have this Betta type, a good water quality management is a must! Right now, there are several type of Giant Betta such as halfmoon, crowntail, delta tail e.t.c as we mentioned above with a giant size compared to normal Betta.
LIST OF BETTA’S CROSS BREEDING
Have been breeding for decades, now there are plenty kinds of Betta you can found in the petshops. By using selective breeding methods, you could see many different Beeta type in the world. The major Betta classification are based on their fins, body size and colors.
In the previous article, we have describe Betta classification based on thir fins and their body. And no, we will present to you Betta classification by their colors. Enjoy reading it while having your good time.
Solid Colours – This classification is based on their single color from the tip of the head until the tail. Here several different Betta colors that you may found.
#Red Betta Fish
The solid red color is covering all Betta body from it’s head until it’s caudal fin. This Betta type is identic with brave soldiers, am i right?
#Blue Betta Fish
Implied by it’s name, blue color are the dominant color from it’s body. But, sometimes their heads have darker shade blue color than it’s body.
#Green Betta Fish
Indeed, single green or torquise Betta color are very rare. And, you must earn much money before you buy this type.
#Wild-Type Betta Fish
Wild Betta type usually have iridescent body colors. The common colors are blue, green, turqoise and red. Wild Betta type are very similiar to plakat with rounded caudal fin.
#Orange Betta Fish
Orange color are very rare in Betta. Untrained eye will see this color as a red, but using certain lightning, the orange color will be visible.
#Yellow Betta Fish
The yellow color were encoded by recessive genes. This color will be visible/dominant in Betta which have red-loss gene. This gene will be inherited by the fry and it will create iridescent green or blue in the body.
#Cellophane Betta Fish
This Betta fins basically do not have any color and will much visible as a transparant
#White Opaque Betta Fish
Encoded by recessive gene, this betta are very rare. Most opaques Betta will likely to have impurities such as outlining.
#Copper Betta Fish
There are various colors combination in this betta type such as deep copper, light gold, and red copper. Their color will appear more contrast by using certain lightning or sometimes just by exposing to the sunlight.
#Black Betta Fish
You may find several different type of Black Betta in the petshops including black melano, black orchid, black devil, black ice, and copper based black.
The black color is encoded by recessive genes and normally covered by dominant colors such as red and blue. This betta are rare and only could be obtained by selective genetic breeding.
#Bi Colours Betta Fish
This type have different color between their body and their fins.
#Chocolate Betta Fish
This Betta type typically has chocolate or dark brown color but sometimes their fins have light brown or maybe different color including orange, yellow or golden.
#Marble Betta Fish
Having splashy spotted color in their body and fins, this Betta are among the most beautifull Betta in the world.
One thing that you should know before you decide to buy, this beautifull marble pattern and morphology are very instable and always change in entire Betta life. But, it’s has a tendency to slow down as they mature.
#Grizzle Betta Fish
The grizzle betta have either a opaque or pastel body with random flecks and spots of iridescent colors and the fins do have too. Their body and their fins should have two different iridescent colors.
Betta hobyist have different opinion about how to judge this betta beautifullness. But overall, 50% iridescence and 50% opaque or pastel body are preferred.
#Pineapple Betta Fish
When Betta have distinct blac outline on it’s scale, then it’s called “pineapple” Betta. This classification is based on their pattern form, not their colors.
#Dragon Betta Fish
Dragon Betta become more popular right now. The most distinguishable appearance is their scales looks like a lizard or dragon. They usually have strong and bright base with scales highlighted in a pale iridescent colour.
#Orange Dalmatian Betta Fish
Also known as a Apricot Spots, their orange body have darker orange spot in different size.
#Mustard Gas Betta Fish
This lovely Betta have blue or green body and their fins consist of orange and yellow colors.
#Multi Colour Betta Fish
Also know as “Mutts”, multi colour Betta are consist of minimal three different colors with uncertain patterns.
#Mask Betta Fish
While almost Betta have darker face color than their body and fins, Mask Betta have same face colour as their body.
#Piebald Betta Fish
The most distinguishable appearance of this Betta type are their fleshy colour on it’s head. They may have certain pattern or solid color in their body or fins.
#Butterfly Betta Fish
This Betta fins are consist of two symmetrical color combination with solid color on their body.
#Turquoise betta Fish
The turqoise is an intermediary colors between green and blue. In the Betta contest, greener looking are more prefered than bluer looking.
#Cambodian Betta Fish
Cambodian Betta have pale fleshy color on it’s body and three different shades on their fins include red, blue and green.
Yeah, it’s the end of this article. I think i have explain many Betta type for you. Hope that’s willl be usefull for you.